For the attention of all boat owners

 

FOLKESTONE YACHT & MOTOR BOAT CLUB

 

OPERATING PROCEDURES

For

THE CRANE LIFTING AND SLINGING

Of

YACHTS and MOTOR BOATS

 

 

These Operating Procedures are issued by the FYMBC, Executive Committee for use by any club member, or representative of a club member, when undertaking any activities involved in the crane lifting or slinging operations associated with the movement of yachts or motor boats for or on behalf of the club members.

These Operating Procedures are issued on: 7th September 2009                              

PURPOSE:

The club is an association of members that comprise the club body.

Members of the club may own or have access to yachts and boats that are used for social and domestic purposes. 

The club provides facilities for the mooring of yachts or boats in Folkestone harbour by leasing those facilities from the harbour owner. The club also provides facilities for the storage of yachts and boats at its premises in North Street, Folkestone. 

Club members provide support to one another for the purpose of moving yachts and boats from and to the harbour and club premises. 

The Cruiser Committee, a section of the FYMBC , makes arrangements to hire in transport and crane services to enable the yachts and boats to be lifted and moved as requested by and on behalf of club members  

The club members are informed of the date for the lifting and moving of the vessels and of the date on which a meeting is to be held to discuss the safety arrangements to be adhered to on the date of the lifting and moving. 

Club members are required to provide their own insurance cover for the purpose of these lifts and movements. 

At the safety meeting, club members and their friends and family may volunteer their services, in various capacities, to assist in the lifting and movements of the vessels. Such volunteers do so with the support of all club members and in full recognition that they are not professionally trained or qualified. Competence to participate in these activities is based on experience, willingness, common sense and familiarisation from more experienced club members. 

The club requires the yacht or boat owner to retain full responsibility for the lifting and movement of their boat and to graciously accept the services of other club members assisting in these activities.  

The club also requires any yacht or boat owner who is not prepared to retain full responsibility for the lifting and movement of their boat and to graciously accept the services of other club members assisting in these activities to make their own arrangements for any lifting or moving of their vessel. 

Those who own vessels that are lifted or moved and as part of the clubs arrangements are obliged to reimburse the Cruiser Committee for any financial expenses incurred by the Committee in hiring transport and crane services to enable the yachts and boats to be lifted and moved. Such reimbursement to be based on each vessel owner, involved in the lift or movement, bearing an equal share of the cost. These payments are required once the owner agrees to participate even if the owner then chooses not to take advantage of the services. 

The Executive Committee of the FY&MB Club are conscious that those who volunteer to assist in the lifting or moving of yachts and boats do not have any formal training or qualifications. 

The Executive Committee are also conscious that the lifting and moving of yachts and boats carries safety risks to those club members involved, that there are safety risks to their friends and family who may assist and there are safety risks to members of the public. 

The Executive Committee therefore issues these Operating Procedures to be used by all persons volunteering to assist in the club's arrangements to lift and move any member's yacht or boat.  

It is the view of the Executive Committee that adherence to these Procedures will minimise the safety risk and therefore they are mandatory for all club members. 

 

1. INTRODUCTION 

Crane operations and slinging can be dangerous, presenting a risk to the safety and health and wellbeing of persons involved and a risk to the safety and integrity of the yachts and motorboats involved in the movements. A risk can also exist to persons and property not directly involved in the movements of yachts and motor boats. 

The objective of these Procedures is to ensure that movements are carried out safely and with the minimum of risk to all persons and property. 

Prior to the commencement of any lifting operations, all of the personnel representing the FY&MBC involved in the operations must have been identified at the Safety Meeting, held prior to the day of operations, and the principal personnel must have agreed to comply with the requirements of these Operating Procedures. 

The Principal Personnel are: 

The Safety Officer

The Banksman

The Linesman

The yacht or boat Owner 

These Operating Procedures are to be made availably to all club members, representatives of club members and any staff of contractors employed for the purpose of assisting in any movements of yachts and motorboats. 

For the purposes of these Procedures:

A load is taken to mean a yacht or motorboat.

A fixed boundary is any immovable object, including fences, fence posts and lamp posts. 

 

2. GENERAL RULES. 

2.1.      The Safety Officer is responsible for the general safety of all persons: club members, contractors and members of the public who may be affected by the lifting operations. No lifting operations are to commence until the Safety Officer is satisfied that it is safe to do so. 

2.2.      The Banksman controls the initial lift of the load and the laydown of the load. 

2.3.      The Crane Operator is responsible for the load whilst it is in the air.

2.4.      The Linesmen are responsible for ensuring the load is maintained under control whilst the load is in the air and for ensuring that the load is orientated according to the verbal instructions given by the Banksman. 

2.5.      All persons must act in a manner which is safe, work in accordance with 
            these procedures and act on any instructions given by the Safety Officer. 

2.6.      All personnel must keep out of any area where they may be injured by a falling or shifting load. Do not stand below any load. 

2.7.      No person is to stand between loads or between a load and a fixed boundary.  

2.8.      All persons with a task to perform must remain vigilant in performing that task when lifting operations are in progress. 

2.9.      All persons will wear high visibility clothing, jackets or waistcoats, and safety helmets. In addition, the Banksman must wear a waistcoat, helmet, armband or other means that clearly distinguishes him / her as the Banksman. 

2.10.    All persons in the vicinity of lifting strops, chains or hooks suspended from a crane must take reasonable care and precautions to avoid being struck or injured by such lifting devices. 

2.11.    All persons assisting the lifting or moving yachts and boats, whether immediately involved or not are required to take reasonable care and precautions to avoid slips trips and falls by virtue of the condition of the ground and any obstacles that may be present on it. 

 

3. ROLES and RESPONSIBILITIES. 

3.1       SAFETY OFFICER 

3.1.1    The Safety Officer is responsible for the general safety of all persons: club members, contractors and members of the public who may be affected by the lifting operations. 

3.1.2    No lifting operations are to commence until the Safety Officer is satisfied that it is safe to do so. 

3.1.3    Before permitting a lifting operation to commence, the Safety Officer must be satisfied that there are sufficient resources, manpower and equipment, that the persons performing tasks are competent to do so, that the equipment being used is suitable for the task and that all club persons involved in the lift are wearing suitable high visibility clothing and safety helmets. 

 

3.2       BANKSMAN 

3.2.1    The Banksman must be easily identifiable from other personnel by wearing a high visibility waistcoat that is clearly marked to indicate that he / she is the Banksman. 

3.2.2    The Banksman controls the initial lift of the load and the laydown of the load. 

3.2.3    The Banksman must remain in communication with the Crane Operator and the Linesmen at all times. 

3.2.4    The Banksman must keep the Linesmen in sight at all times. 

3.2.5    The Banksman must minimise the movement of loads over other loads as best practicable. 

3.2.6    The Banksman must stop the lift if any situation arises where he / she is aware or is advised that it is not safe to continue or when instructed to stop the lift by the Safety Officer. 

3.2.7    When moving a load across an obstacle; boundary, vehicle or other load, and it is essential that responsibility for handling a load line or lines has to be passed between Linesmen then the arrangements for the hand over must be agreed by the Banksman and clearly understood by all of the Linesmen involved prior to the commencement of the lift. 

 

3.3       CRANE OPERATOR 

3.3.1    The Crane Operator is a professional crane operator providing lifting services under contract to the FYMBC. 

3.3.2    The contractor will have their own Operating Procedures, Risk Assessments and Safety Procedures. 

3.3.3    The Crane Operator will be asked to confirm his / her willingness to work with the Club's Banksmen. Where such willingness is confirmed, thereafter, the Crane Operator will operate the crane, for lifting and setting down loads, under the direction of the Banksman. Once the load has been lifted the Crane Operator, is responsible for the transfer of the load to the setting down location. 

3.3.4    When a situation arises where the Crane Operator is of the opinion that the safety of personnel, plant, loads or equipment may be jeopardised he / she is to be expected to suspend lifting operations until such time as he / she considers it safe to resume lifting operations. 

 

3.4       LINESMAN 

3.4.1    There must be a minimum of two linesmen for each load that is lifted. 

3.4.2    The Linesmen are responsible for ensuring the load is maintained under control whilst the load is in the air and for ensuring that the load is orientated according to the verbal instructions given by the Banksman. 

3.4.3    When a load is to be lifted the Linesmen are to ensure that a line of sufficient length and quality is securely attached to both the fore and aft of each load. 

3.4.4    The Linesmen must always operate from one side of the load, either Port side or Starboard side of the load and as near to perpendicular to it as is practicable. 

3.4.5    Under no circumstances are the Linesmen to attempt to control the orientation of the load from Fore or Aft of the load nor by having one person on either side (Port side and Starboard side) of the load. 

3.4.6    The Linesmen are not to stand between loads or between a load and a fixed boundary. 

3.4.7    When moving a load across an obstacle; boundary, vehicle or other load, and it is essential that responsibility for handling a load line or lines has to be passed to another Linesman or Linesmen then all of the Linesmen involved will remain in sight of each other and effect the hand over of responsibility in accordance with the arrangements agreed with the Banksman prior to the commencement of the lift. 

 

3.5       YACHT & BOAT OWNERS. 

The owner of the yacht or boat is responsible for: 

3.5.1    Being present at or having a representative present at the Safety Meeting arranged by the FY&MB club prior to the day of lifting operations. 

3.5.2    Providing and securely attaching suitable lines for the control of the movement of the load when it is in the air. There must be two lines of a suitable length and quality for the purpose, one line to be attached to either end of the load. 

3.5.3    Taking ultimate responsibility for the securing of the load onto the transport vehicle prior to the vehicle moving off and throughout its journey. 

3.5.4    Providing insurance cover for the load whilst it is being lifted and transported. 

3.5.5    Providing the Transport Driver with the dimensions of the maximum height and width of the load. In addition, if the Owner is concerned that the load, when loaded onto the transport, will not pass under the railway bridge the Owner is to discuss this with the Driver. 

 

3.6       TYING DOWN CREW. 

The Tying Down Crew are responsible for 

3.6.1    Assisting the Yacht or Boat Owner and the Banksman when the load is being lowered onto the transport vehicle. 

3.6.2    Positioning chocks and blocks under the load to make the load steady before being tied down and to provide sufficient clearance for the removal of any strops or slings used to lift the load. 

3.6.3    Securing the load to the transport vehicle to the satisfaction of the yacht or boat owner. 

 

3.7       TRAFFIC CONTROL PERSONNEL. 

Those persons who undertake to advise and assist motorists and other members of the public of the loads that are being lifted are responsible for: 

3.7.1    Wearing high visibility jackets or waistcoats and safety helmets. 

3.7.2    Being aware that they have no authority to direct or instruct members of the public who are going about their business in the public domain. 

3.7.3    Being aware that they may only advise members of the public on lifting activities being carried out by the FY&MBC. Members of the public may be advised of actions to be taken in the interest of safety considered appropriate, by the Traffic Control Personnel, at the time of the lift.  

3.7.4    Advising the Safety Officer of any activities by members of the public which may jeopardise the safety of the member of the public or the safety of any club personnel or property. 

 

3.8       TRANSPORT DRIVERS 

3.8.1    Transport drivers are professional drivers providing transport services under contract to the FYMBC. 

3.8.2        The transport drivers will have their own Operating Procedures, Risk Assessments and Safety Procedures. 

3.8.3        Transport drivers have a responsibility for ensuring that the load is secure prior to the vehicle moving off and throughout its journey.

3.9       WORKING AT HEIGHT. 

Any person who is performing tasks above ground level is regarded as working at height. 

3.9.1    All ladders and steps used for the purpose of working at height must be fit for purpose and in good working condition. 

3.9.2    Whenever a ladder is used to gain access to a working area, above ground level, the ladder must be correctly positioned and a second person must be in attendance to ensure the ladder does not slip whilst being used. 

3.9.3    All persons working at height must wear a safety helmet. 

3.9.4    Persons working at height must remain conscious of the presence of slings, strops or chains suspended from cranes and act in such a manner as to minimise the risk of harm or injury from the equipment 

3.9.5    When moving about, at height, particularly when lifting operations are in progress, be careful to not over reach, over balance or trip on a boats superstructure or rigging. 

 

4. CONTROL OF LIFTING OPERATIONS 

4.1       COMMUNICATIONS 

4.1.1    Good communications is one of the main contributors to maintaining safe working when lifting and moving loads. 

4.1.2    Communications may be direct verbal, radio, hand signals or written. 

4.1.3    The Crane Operator will only respond to communications given by the Banksman. 

4.1.4    The Crane Operator will only respond to communications given by other persons in an emergency situation when the "STOP" signal is to be given.


 

4.2       HAND SIGNALS. 

4.2.1    It is imperative that the Crane Operator and the Banksman are aware of and understand the system of signalling to be used when lifting and moving loads. 

4.2.2    The system of signalling must be confirmed, on the day, by the Banksman with the Crane Operator prior to any lifting operation commencing. 

4.2.3    The system recognised by the FY&MBC for use in any mobile crane lifting operations is that given in the British Standard BS7121. 

4.2.4    It is anticipated that contracted Crane Operators will use the same British Standard. However, this needs to be confirmed prior to the contract being placed. If the Contractor uses a different system this must be agreed when the contract is placed and the FY&MBC, Banksman made fully aware of the system to be used. 

4.2.5    The Banksman must stand in a secure position at all times. 

4.2.6    The Banksman must be able to see the load and determine how the load is to be lifted or set down. 

4.2.7    The Banksman must be seen, without obstruction, by the Crane Operator. 

4.2.8    Whenever possible, the Banksman is to face the crane Operator. 

4.2.9    When hand signals are being used, the Crane Operator must maintain visual contact with the Banksman. If visual contact with the Banksman is lost then the Crane Operator is to stop lifting operations until visual contact is re-established with the Banksman. 

4.2.10 All hand signals must be clear and precise. 

4.2.11 Refer to Appendix A for the hand signals to be used.  Click here